Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper used a trip to New York this
week to press for even closer economic, military, and geo-political ties between
Canada and the US.
The substance of Harper’s pitch was that a closer US-Canada partnership
is vital for both the realization of the global ambitions of US imperialism
and the more modest, but no less mercenary, agenda of Canadian capital.
Speaking Wednesday evening before the Economic Club of New York—a quintessential
forum of the US financial and corporate elite—Harper was at pains to demonstrate
much “Canada has to offer” the US “in facing global challenges”
to its position as the world’s preeminent economic and military power.
This argument was coupled to a call for the US elite to pay greater heed to
Canada’s contribution to the buttressing of US power, including by adjusting
US policy in accordance with Canadian demands in a handful of areas, and to
repeated emphatic assertions of Canada’s geo-political importance and
determination to be a force in world affairs.
Harper introduced the main body of his address with a question: “Why,
ladies and gentlemen, in a turbulent and uncertain world, when our economy and
our security are affected by developments in far-off lands, should you focus
your attention and your energies on Canada?”
Most of the remainder of Harper’s speech was meant to provide an answer,
but the crux and tone of his argument was indicated in the next two paragraphs.
“Because Canada is ... a stable and positive force for good,” a
state, moreover, that “has much to bring to the table in chaotic and trying
times” and that is determined to be “a player” on the world
Harper then highlighted “three things Canada has to offer the US.”
“First, a strong and robust economy and, in particular, an energy industry
that is increasingly one of the most important in the world;
“Second, a strong partnership in building both a more competitive and
more secure North America;
“And third, a common will to advance, in concert with our democratic
allies, our shared values and interests throughout the world.”
In expanding on Canada’s existing and potential role as an economic partner
of the US, Harper touted the fact that successive Canadian governments have
pursued a neo-liberal agenda of “balanced budgets” and lower corporate
and personal taxes, with the result that Canada’s corporate tax rate is
now lower than the US’s.
But he laid special emphasis on Canada’s role in providing the US with
“energy security”. Canada, observed Harper, is already the US’s
single most important foreign supplier of oil, natural gas, electricity and
uranium, and, due to the oil-rich Alberta tar sands, has the potential to become
an even-greater source of energy in the future.
The US, argued Harper, should recognize that it has an “energy superpower”
for a neighbor, and that this neighbor shares Wall Street’s belief “in
free markets and binding contracts.”
Next, Harper argued that if a more “prosperous, competitive” and
“secure” North America is to be built and the commercial challenges
from a rising China and India and an enlarged European Union are to be met,
there will have to be a “continental response” in the form of a
closer partnership between Canada, the US, and Mexico.
“At Cancun last spring, President Bush, [Mexican] President Vincente
Fox and I took steps to further develop this partnership by focusing on North
American competitiveness, energy security, regulatory cooperation, emergency
management, and smart and secure borders.”
As proof of Canada’s commitment to cooperating with the US in securing
the continent, Harper cited the billions Canada has poured into border security
and emergency preparedness since the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the recent agreement
to expand the Canada-US NORAD air defence pact to include joint policing of
North America’s coastal waters.
Harper concluded his case that Canada has much to offer Washington and Wall
Street by pointing to the important role it is already playing in supporting
the Bush administration in its purported war on terror, including in Afghanistan,
touting the billions that Ottawa has recently invested in strengthening the
Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), and by affirming that “Canada’s role
in the world will extend beyond this continent.”
“Just as we work together for a more secure and prosperous North America,
we need,” said Harper, “to work for a more stable and just world.”
Eager to convince his audience that the Canadian elite is prepared to see its
citizens bear the burden of wars aimed at securing the economic and geo-political
interests of their Wall Street partners, Harper pointed to the “real casualties”
suffered by the CAF in the suppression of the Taliban in southern Afghanistan,
and the 120,000 Canadians killed in the two world wars of the last century and
the Korean War.
Harper’s speech was largely aimed at convincing the US corporate elite
that they have much to gain by a still closer US-Canada partnership and that
his Conservative government, as evidenced by the recent deal to end the softwood
lumber dispute, is eager to remove any obstacle to such a partnership.
But Canada’s prime minister did raised two objections to current US policy.
First, he warned against “poorly thought out or poorly implemented”
security measures that could disrupt cross-border commerce and cited as an example
a US law that by 2008 would require all Americans and Canadians to have a passport
or passport-like document to enter or re-enter the US.
Since September 2001, Canadian big business has been haunted by fear that the
strengthening of US borders could seriously erode their “free trade”
access to US markets and, with a view to preventing such an outcome, have promoted
the notion of a common Canada-US security perimeter.
Harper also used his New York speech to once again voice the Canadian government’s
objection to the US’s refusal to recognize Canada’s claim to vast
swathes of the Arctic Ocean. These waters are potentially laden with oil and
mineral riches. Furthermore, Ottawa is anxious to have its claim over control
of the “Northwest Passage” recognized, since global warming risks
to transform it into a significant sea-link between Asia and Europe.
Last month, the National Post, which has very close ties to the Conservatives,
published an editorial that argued that the Harper government should insist,
in return for acting as a virtual chorus for the Bush administration’s
action on the world stage, that Washington recognize Canada’s claim to
the Arctic waters.
Harper couched his complaints about US policy in respectful, even obsequious,
Like a jackal following in the train of a larger beast, Canadian imperialism
knows its place. What frustrations it has at having to bend before its more
powerful ally, it vents on the weak and wounded. Hence the celebration in the
corporate media of Canada’s participation in a colonial-style counter-insurgency
campaign in Afghanistan.
Masses of Canadians are opposed to the Bush administration, which they rightly
identify with wars of aggression against the people of Iraq and Afghanistan
and with the pursuit of a social-reactionary agenda at home.
But among the corporate establishment there is strong support for the Harper
government’s attempt to forge an even closer relationship with US imperialism.
Canada’s newspaper of record, the Globe and Mail, titled its lead editorial
Friday, “reclaiming Canada’s role as a world player.” It lauded
Harper’s speech before the Economic Club of New York and a second speech
he gave the next day to the United Nations, which was largely devoted to casting
the Canadian intervention to prop up Afghanistan’s US-installed government
as a mission for democracy, “as a blessedly coherent vision of Canada’s
expanding role international role.”
Concluded the Globe editorial: “Taken together, the two speeches constitute
a realistic approach to a formidable world. There is idealism. [By which they
mean the rhetoric about promoting democracy] There is the tough calculation
of the bottom line. And there are no doubts that Canadian interests are central.
The Ottawa Citizen’s endorsement of a policy aimed at tying Canada still
closer to the US—to a power that has asserted its right to wage illegal
“pre-emptive” wars and its determination to prevent any power or
coalition of powers emerging that could potentially challenge its global supremacy—was
no less emphatic.
“Our country,” declared the Citizen, “a global trader, dependent
on allies and alliances to secure our security and prosperity at home, needs
a policy that is clear-eyed, pragmatic and muscular. ... Mr. Harper is restoring
our sense of where we stand in the world, after too many years of indifference.”