A Review Article
Dr David Kelly
In 2003 Dr David Kelly was found dead in the woods. Caught in a political
vortex, Dr Kelly had been forced to appear before a televised government committee
investigating whether he had accused British government figures of planting
in a dossier the questionable claim that WMDs could be unleashed from Iraq in
45 minutes. The Hutton Inquiry concluded that Dr Kelly took his own life. But
did he? The KELLY INVESTIGATION GROUP takes a closer look.... Contact: RowenaThursby@onetel.com
The Kelly Investigation Group (KIG) is a loose affiliation of professionals
and lay people from all walks of life; it includes nine doctors, four of them
surgeons, and a QC. Medical and legal expertise has ensured our objections to
the the official line on Dr David Kelly’s death are taken seriously by
the media and public, even if the authorities affect to ignore them. Our aim
is to ensure agents of the state do not bury the truth, along with Dr Kelly.
SUSPICIONS FROM THE START
During 2002/3 it was obvious to many that the search for WMD in Iraq was a
disingenuous ploy to secure regime change. Blair and his aides had claimed that
it would take only 45 minutes for Saddam to launch a CBW attack on British bases,
and that mobile laboratories found in Iraq were for the purpose of making chemical/biological
weapons. In asides to journalists Dr David Kelly had shot both assertions down
in flames. So when he was found ‘dead in the woods’ three days after
being hauled before a televised government committee, many of us were highly
Why were Thames Valley police labelling Dr Kelly’s death a ’suicide’
before his body had been examined? At the age of 72, judge and law lord Brian
Hutton had never before chaired a public inquiry - so why did the prime minister’s
old friend Charles Falconer appoint this safe establishment figure at such extraordinary
As the Hutton Inquiry got underway in August 2003, I pored over the transcripts
in an attempt to understand exactly how Dr Kelly had died. I listed aspects
of the case that did not add up, and joined an internet forum to correspond
with others working in a similar vein. One was IT expert Garrett Cooke.
INITIAL PLEA TO THE CORONER
On 20th November 2003 Garrett and I wrote a letter to coroner Nicholas Gardiner
explaining our concern that the inquest had been subsumed into the Hutton Inquiry.
In particular, we listed the reasons why we felt a full inquest with powers
to subpoena witnesses and hear evidence under oath should be held:
Dr Kelly’s body appeared to have been moved - twice
the knife, bottle of water, glasses, and cap reported beside the body by
later witnesses, were not seen by the two volunteer searchers who first discovered
DC Coe was with the body at the time its position changed from sitting to
DC Coe claimed he was with one other officer yet five witnesses said he
was with two
the primary cause of death was given as haemorrhage from an incised wound
to his left wrist, yet the amount of blood at the scene was, according to
the paramedics, extremely sparse
vomit stains from the corners of his mouth to his ears suggested Dr Kelly
had died on his back, yet his position when found was slumped against a tree
the puzzling nature of the wound: the severing of a single artery deeply
embedded in the left wrist and total avoidance of the more superficial radial
We received no response.
‘SECTION 17A’ MISAPPLIED
Later we discovered that to avoid an inquest, Lord Chancellor Charles Falconer
had invoked Section 17a of the Coroner’s Act of 1988, citing as his reason
avoidance of duplication (having both an inquest and an inquiry) and consequent
distress to the Kelly family.
However, Section 17a was introduced in 199 at his instigation to avoid unnecessary
repetition (and mounting costs) in cases of multiple deaths with a single known
cause, e.g. a train crash or a ferry disaster; Dr Kelly’s was a single,
high profile death of unknown cause. In view of the political manoeuvres preceding
this high-profile death, one suspects the avoidance of ‘distress’
to the family was a very British excuse masking the real reason: that the authorities
did not want witnesses subpoenaed and giving evidence on oath.
Had the scientist’s close female friends, Mai Pederson, Gabriele Kraatz
Wadsack and Judith Miller been subpoenaed we might have been provided with a
much more intimate portrait of events leading up to his death.
BUILDING A MEDICAL CASE
Faced with the Coroner’s wall of silence, I decided to try to secure
medical support. I started a blog listing a number of KIG concerns and wrote
two articles for the internet entitled - ‘Dark Actors at the Scene of
Dr Kelly’s Death’ (October 2003) and ‘The David Kelly Story:
Turning Murder into Suicide‘ (28 November 2003.) The latter was a critique
of the forensic pathologist’s evidence to the Hutton Inquiry; for to me,
his reasoning seemed in places, quite farcical.
On 29 November 2003 Dr Searle Sennett, a specialist in anaesthesiology from
Johannesburg, responded to these articles by e-mail as follows:
I have just read your piece at rense.com and also the one at propaganda matrix.com
and I complement you on both of these articles but, more importantly, on your
guts and preparedness to take on the Establishment. I am a retired specialist
anaesthetist and I too, without knowing the details of the Kelly incident
that you do, considered the whole “suicide” story to be phoney
in the extreme. I am quite satisfied that cutting the ulnar artery in the
manner described could not have been fatal.
He was clearly murdered in some other manner and, in my opinion, there are
a variety of ways in which it could have been done.
You did mention the use of a chloroform-like substance, of which there are
many, and I can assure you that the modern volatile anaesthetic agents are
extremely potent. They would not necessarily kill but could certainly cause
unconsciousness in less than a minute especially if applied in high concentration.
The subject could then be asphyxiated by means of a plastic bag over his head
which, in fact, could also contain the agent. To show this technique is distinctly
feasible, I mention the incident where a potent anaesthetic agent was introduced
into the air-conditioning system of a Moscow theatre and which incapacitated
and, indeed, killed the Chechen terrorists and some of their hostages.
Injectible muscle relaxants which paralyse all muscles within seconds and
stop the breathing of the subject receiving them. Although normally intravenous,
the injection could, in fact, be given into any muscle or even under the hair
of the scalp, or elsewhere, so as to avoid subsequent detection. Muscle relaxants
are part of the lethal cocktail injection used in many US prisons to carry
out the death sentence.
It will be very interesting to see what approach Lord Hutton takes concerning
the inquest and whether he, too, attempts to cover up the obvious murder.
Meanwhile, I am not surprised that Tony Blair is suffering from a variety
of stress-related disorders!
Keep up the good work.
Anomalies continued to accumulate, but things were set alight when a friend
sent me a letter published on 15 December 2003 in the Morning Star from orthopaedic
and trauma surgeon, David Halpin. Here was a surgeon, a man with intimate knowledge
of arteries, and how they behave, saying he did not see how Dr Kelly could have
died of haemorrhage from transection of a single ulnar artery:
I write to enquire as to the status of the coroner’s inquest into the
death of Dr David Kelly. I hope that it has not been subsumed within the Hutton
He had been put through the psychological mincing machine of the elite running
this country and it is easy to imagine his sense of failure as well as betrayal
in both directions. We have been told that he died from a cut wrist and that
he had non-lethal levels of an analgesic in his blood.
As a past trauma and orthopaedic surgeon, I cannot easily accept that even
the deepest cut into one wrist would cause such exsanguinations that death resulted.
This one point was key: the primary cause of death could not have been haemorrhage
because it is virtually impossible to bleed to death from severing a single
ulnar artery. Over the ensuing weeks we honed and refined our case to include
arguments against the second and third causes of death cited - poisoning by
co-proxamol and atherosclerosis. With Dr Sennett and David Halpin’s continued
input and support, the KIG was able to develop a strong medical case against
Around this time we were joined by Jim Rarey, an ex-newspaper editor from the
US, who wrote seven articles for the internet on a number of aspects of Dr Kelly’s
KELLY’S DEATH A PHENOMENON ACCORDING TO STATISTICS
In January 2004 we were contacted by Dr Andrew Rouse, Senior Lecturer in Public
Health and Dr Yaser Adi, from the Dept of Public Health & Epidemiology at
the University of Birmingham, who three months earlier had submitted a letter
to national newspapers:
IS DR KELLY A STATISTIC OR A PHENOMENON?
The pathologist who performed Dr Kelly’s autopsy reported that “The
features… of Dr Kelly’s wounds… were quite typical of self-inflicted
illness”. Unfortunately he did not report that it is almost unheard of
for such wounds to result in death.
Suicide associated with wrist-slashing is extremely rare - so rare that the
Office of National Statistics does not report wrist slashing as a specific cause
of death; it groups such deaths with other uncommon suicide methods such as
belly and abdomen stabbings and throat cuttings (see table)
This table shows that fewer than five 55-50 year old men use cutting and piercing
instruments to commit suicide annually. This statistical evidence, combined
with the fact that even after searching the medical literature and speaking
to medical and surgical colleagues we have not been able to document that wrist
slashing can lead to successful suicide, suggests that for all practical purposes
wrist slashing suicide does not exist in Britain.
Suicide and self inflicted injury by cutting and piercing instruments
amongst males in England and Wales
Data from: Twentieth Century Mortality, Office of National Statistics,
We must also remember that Dr Kelly was a first rate researcher. As such,
before making a suicide attempt, he would surely have done an internet or library
search into the success of various suicide methods. He would have learnt that
- since it invariably fails - wrist slashing is not a recommended suicide method.
There fore why would Dr Kelly slash his wrist in the first place and against,
all odds, actually die?
MORE DOCTORS CHALLENGE OFFICIAL SUICIDE RULING
As the medical case challenging suicide became stronger, we were happy to welcome
in a new doctor - Chris Burns-Cox, and two more surgeons - Martin Birnstingl
and William McQuillan. Birnstingl, a retired specialist in vascular surgery
from London responded enthusiastically to a Kelly article with “Count
me in”. He was a foundation member of the Vascular Surgical Association
of GB and Ireland and President in 1986. In private e-mails he wrote:
Vascular surgeons deal with vessels of all sizes but I have never seen or heard
of anybody dying from a cut wrist artery even when both ulnar and redial have
Dr Kelly did not “slit his wrists” as suggested by Professor Milroy.
The evidence is that one wrist was cut, dividing only one of the four main wrist
arteries, which is very unlikely to have been fatal.
During 2004 I made contact with a Dr C Stephen Frost who had written a list
of 35 questions about Dr Kelly’s death on the Independent internet forum
. Working together, and liaising with the rest of the medico-legal team, we
managed to get five letters published in the Guardian:
1. OUR DOUBTS ABOUT DR KELLY’S SUICIDE 27 January 2004
signed by David Halpin, C Stephen Frost, Searle Sennett
2. MEDICAL EVIDENCE DOES NOT SUPPORT SUICIDE BY KELLY 12 February
2004 signed by Andrew Rouse, Searle Sennett, David Halpin, C Stephen Frost,
Peter Fletcher, Martin Birnstingl
Our arguments met with a blustering emotional response from Professor Chris
Milroy in a letter entitled:
FANTASISTS & DR KELLY14 February 2004
3. QUESTIONS STILL UNANSWERED OVER DR KELLY’S DEATH
19 February 2004 signed by Andrew Rouse, Searle Sennett, David Halpin, C Stephen
Frost, Peter Fletcher, Martin Birnstingl
4. NEW DOUBTS OVER KELLY 28 September 2004 signed by C Stephen
Frost, David Halpin, William McQuillan, Searle Sennett
5. QUESTIONS OVER KELLY 28 December 2004 signed by Dr Michael
Powers QC, Martin Birnstingl, Chris Burns-Cox, C Stephen Frost, David Halpin,
William McQuillan, Andrew Rouse, John Henry Scurr, Searle Sennett
The first letter, published on 27 January to coincide with the publication
of the Hutton Report, caused a media storm, and we were inundated with requests
for radio and TV appearances. David Halpin appeared on TV and radio in the UK,
and Dr Sennett gave newspaper interviews from his home in Johannesburg. The
Evening Standard ran a headline on the evening prior to the publication of the
Hutton Report: “Was Kelly Murdered?” But since ‘The Sun’
chose to leak the Hutton Report a day ahead of publication - and we think this
may have been a deliberate tactic - the angle of possible murder was not pursued
in the media the following day.
On 21 January 2004 five of us - David Halpin, Dr Searle Sennett, Dr C Stephen
Frost, Garrett Cooke and myself - wrote an eleven-page letter to the Coroner
setting out our concerns in detail. He failed to respond. A month later I phoned
him to ask if he had received the letter - he said he had noted the contents
but did not think these were sufficient grounds for concern. He had seen a police
report and was satisfied everything was in order.
On 31 January highly qualified pathologist Dr Peter Fletcher wrote a letter
to the Daily Telegraph:
As a retired pathologist, I have been dismayed by the lack of information
on the precise circumstances of the discovery of Dr David Kelly’s body.
It is claimed that the major cause of death was blood loss from a severed
wrist artery, possibly complicated by the ingestion of an unstated number
of co-proximal tablets. An adult human body contains about 10 pints of blood,
of which about half has to be lost to cause death. Anybody who has seen five
pints of blood spurted forcefully out of a severed artery will know that there
is one hell of a mess. The two searchers who found the body did not even notice
that Kelly had incised his wrist with a knife. The two paramedics who arrived
at the scene later apparently stated that there was remarkably little blood
around the body.
Something, somewhere is seriously wrong. Either Dr Kelly did not die of blood
loss or it occurred at some place distant from where the body was found. It
is, of course, possible that blood was spattered everywhere, which four witnesses
failed to notice.
A coroner has the power of subpoena, witnesses give testimony under oath
and a jury is usually involved. Lord Hutton was denied these requirements
for his inquiry.
Dr A Peter Fletcher, Pathologist, Halstead, Essex
I contacted him and he too agreed to lend his support to the KIG.
I was put in touch with lawyer Michael Shrimpton by an e-mail correspondent
and he joined the cause on 29 January 2004. The following month he was invited
onto the Alex Jones Show, one of the top conspiracy radio programmes in the
US. Unfortunately the slant he put on Kelly’s death - that it was a ‘hit’
performed by the French DGSE - was not one shared by the rest of the KIG; although
allegedly received from intelligence sources, there was no way of corroborating
it. We were frankly uneasy with his strong bias towards the US’s ‘neocon’
On 8 February 2004 Andrew Rouse and Yaser Adi submitted an adapted version
of their original letter entitled ‘Hutton, Kelly and the missing Epidemiology’’to
the British Medical Journal. They called for readers to send in details of any
55-65 year old males who had committed suicide by slashing their wrist, during
the previous 10 years.
Professor Milroy responded to their report by saying, 'The problem with use
of statistics in any single case is that unlikely does not make it impossible.’
In his view the combination of all three causes on the death certificate was
sufficient to account for Dr Kelly’s death. This had been the key tactic
of KIG opponents: not to examine one cause of death at a time, but if one cause
did not stand up, hop on to the next one, or even cite all three as ’somehow’
working together -- hardly a scientific way to proceed.
Another surgeon - John Scurr - was quoted in a Washington Post report, 21 February
I looked up his details and found him to be a practising vascular surgeon,
also London-based. David Halpin wrote to him and he too become a willing participant
in the KIG. He has since appeared on Channel 4 News and in a US documentary
to be screened in 2007 - in both cases explaining in his professional capacity
why Dr Kelly is highly unlikely to have bled to death from a single transected
ulnar artery. He put us on to his friend and lawyer, QC Michael Powers. Once
he had reviewed all evidence accumulated by the KIG, it was his view that there
should have been a full inquest into Dr Kelly’s death.
On 29 February 2004 Renan Talieva, an e-mail correspondent from the US, wrote
a long and detailed article derived from KIG discussions and her own assiduous
research entitled “The Strange Suicide of David Kelly.”
CORONER SHUTS THE DOOR
Before the Coroner returned to court after reviewing The Hutton Report, a letter
from Michael Powers was published by ‘The Times’ declaring:
Suicide cannot be presumed. Even evidence pointing to the likelihood that Dr
Kelly took his own life is not sufficient. Suicide has to be proved beyond reasonable
After reviewing the Hutton Report, coroner Nicholas Gardiner returned to court
on 16th March 2004 to announce his decision on whether to re-open the inquest
into Dr Kelly’s death.
The same day David Halpin was interviewed by the Today programme, and when
Gardiner declared his satisfaction with the Hutton Inquiry‘s ruling of
suicide, was asked to comment.
Around this time, practising vascular surgeon John Scurr and QC Michael Powers
made separate appearances on Channel 4 News. Mr Scurr explained why, in his
view, one cannot bleed to death from full transection of a single ulnar artery
while Michael Powers stated that by law, suicide must be proved beyond reasonable
doubt, and an inquest was the only forum equipped to provide this degree of
rigour. In his view the medical evidence provided since the Hutton Inquiry was
sufficient to warrant a full inquest. When phoned by the Channel 4 News team,
Dr Nicholas Hunt, the forensic pathologist to the Hutton Inquiry, said that
he too would be ‘more comfortable’ with a full inquest.
On 13 May 2004 Renan Talieva answered the Coroner’s refusal to reopen
the inquest with an excellent and thoroughly researched critique of the coroner’s
actions in “The Coroner and David Kelly”.
In response to the KIG’s medical arguments, Professor Robert Forrest,
forensic toxicologist at Sheffield University, set up the ‘International
Toxicology Advisory Group’ and on 18 September 2004 had an article published
in the BMJ entitled ‘Forensic science in the dock’. The Hutton Inquiry
had conveyed the impression that Dr Kelly may indeed have taken the 29 tablets
missing from the blister packs in his pocket, even though the toxicologist stated
that the amount he measured was only a third a what is normally a fatal amount.
But in this article Forrest et al listed reasons why forensic science was unable
to specify the amount of drug a person had taken prior to their death.
“Post-mortem measurements of drug concentration in blood have scant meaning
except in the context of medical history, the sequence and circumstances surrounding
death, and necropsy findings. The paucity of evidence based science, coupled
with the pretence that such science exists in regard to post-mortem toxicology,
leads to the abuse of process…’
In December 2004, in a 'Daily Mail' article entitled ‘Specialists demand
a new Kelly inquiry’ it was reported that medical and legal experts in
the KIG were arguing that it was vital to have an inquest. Michael Powers called
for backers to help him fund a legal challenge against the coroner’s decision
not to reopen the inquest. It was discovered however, that without a ‘properly
interested person’ to call for a judicial review of the coroner’s
decision, the KIG could not proceed.
A ‘properly interested person’ is a legal term for what in Coroner’s
Law has to be someone who stands to gain or lose by the death in question. In
practise, that could only have been Mrs Kelly, and she made it clear in a private
phone call that she did not want the inquest re-opened because she was convinced
her husband had committed suicide. She claimed to have studied the KIG’s
doubts about the official reason for her husband’s death, but gave few
reasons for her thinking it was suicide other than her husband’s anguish
at the time. This was a blow which appeared to shut the door on further progress.
However we persevered.
PARAMEDICS UNHAPPY WITH OFFICIAL CAUSE OF DEATH
I contacted the two paramedics who had attended the scene of Dr Kelly’s
death and put them in touch with Antony Barnett of the Observer. They arranged
to meet Barnett in the presence of their solicitor and gave him the material
for his 12 December 2004 article, ‘Kelly Death Paramedics Query Verdict’
where their shock at the general absence of blood at the scene and scepticism
over the official cause of death was described in detail. When the press arrived
on their doorsteps, they gave a televised press conference.
MP NORMAN BAKER BEGINS HIS PRIVATE KELLY INVESTIGATION
it was not until MP Norman Baker came forward this year (2006) to announce
that he had resigned his seat on the front bench to pursue a private investigation
into Dr Kelly’s death that the case was injected with new life. According
to a Guardian report:
Mr Baker said he wanted to return to the issue because the 2003 Hutton inquiry
had "blatantly failed” to get to the bottom of matters. He vowed
to question ministers and to unearth new facts in a bid to establish the "truth"
of the case.
After a few months on the case he wrote a major article for the ‘Mail
on Sunday’ vowing to prove Dr Kelly’s death was not suicide. His
new finding was that the Coroner had irregular and clandestine meetings with
Department of Constitutional Affairs officials and representatives of the forensic
staff just prior to the issuing of a full death certificate - before Lord Hutton
had even started to examine the details of Dr Kelly’s death. Normally
a temporary death certificate is issued pending a full inquiry. In this case
it seems, the rules were bent.
In 2006 the KIG launched a NEW DR DAVID KELLY BLOG and is now working in conjunction
with Mr Baker. Significant progress is being made. Watch this space….
Dr Kelly was found dead on 18th July 2003; Lord Hutton was appointed only a
few days later - on 22nd July.
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