Somalia is on the verge of sinking deeper into the abyss of anarchy
and perpetual bloodshed and the Bush administration might have a role.
As this latest factional fighting in Mogadishu has grown more violent -- claiming
the lives of hundreds of mostly unarmed civilians and causing thousands more
to flee their homes for safety -- the U.S. is said to be in the center of this
long-burning ring of fire. This time, the U.S. is in partnership with a collaboration
of warlords that many, ironically, consider the criminal elements that kept
the political fire burning for over a decade.
In a reinvention of convenience, these warlords now call themselves the Alliance
for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism and claim to be fighting
a U.S. sanctioned “global war on terror.” In this particular round,
against a Somali fundamentalist Islamic group, known as “The Islamic Courts,”
that has been asserting itself in various localities in Southern Somalia by
setting up courts, building schools and hospitals, and providing various social
services to locals, though other reports blame them for selectively carrying
out strict religious rules against minority groups, and for orchestrating a
clan-based systematic land-grab in the fertile region of Lower Shabelle.
The Bush administration is believed to be after the leader of the aforementioned
Islamic group who is said to be the founder of Al-Itihad Al-Islami. However,
many wonder: at what cost? Is this a case of recklessly pouring fuel onto a
raging forest fire in order to capture a panther?
And now that it is in cahoots with some of the most despised Somali warlords,
is the Bush administration embarking on yet another foreign policy disaster
that could inspire more anti-Americanism and perhaps terrorism?
The U.S. has been secretly supporting select warlords in Somalia since 2002.
According to John Prendergast, senior advisor at the International Crisis Group,
an independent policy organization based in Washington, "They don't provide
weapons, but they provide the cash, which is easier anyway".
The U.S. policy, according to Prendergast, is focused too heavily on “covert
military intervention, rather than attempting to restore Somalia's economic
and political infrastructure” -- something that Somalia’s Transitional
Federal Government (TFG) has been begging for. The current U.S. involvement
is “Cold War-style diplomacy at its worst . . . It just ends up throwing
gasoline on the fire," he adds.
On the other hand, in its most recent report to the UN Security Council early
this month, the Monitoring Group on Somalia, the watchdog committee mandated
to oversee the effectiveness of the UN arms embargo (Resolution 733), asserted
that lethal weapons and military hardware continue to flow into Somalia “like
a river” and that they reach all fighting factions.
And while the report names several countries as violators of the arms embargo,
it is the one that is omitted in the report that got most of the attention.
The Monitoring Group reported that it was investigating covert "financial
support" to an alliance of warlords by an unnamed country. This country
is widely believed to be the U.S.
While the Bush administration would not confirm or deny it, they have no problem
saying that the U.S. is “working across a spectrum of Somalis to make
sure that Somalia isn't a safe haven for terrorism” as did State Department
Spokesperson, Sean McCormack, recently.
Upon its formation last year, TFG, mindful of its frailty, requested a peacekeeping
army from the so-called frontline states that include several neighboring states.
This was a controversial proposition that was opposed by the majority of Somalis
in the homeland and the Diaspora who preferred the deployment of an international
peacekeeping force (excluding the frontline states) that is led by the U.S.
Among the civil societies that supported the latter proposition was the Washington-based
Pan-Somali Council for Peace and Democracy, the largest Somali advocacy organization
in the Diaspora, which issued an open letter to the U.S. State Departments and
In hindsight, this was an opportune time for the U.S. to help end anarchy in
Somalia and prevent it from becoming a haven for global terrorism. Alas, in
what seems to be another episode of foreign policy schizophrenia, the Bush administration
opted to avoid the legal channels altogether and forge a partnership with blood-soaked
That being the case, it is worth noting that in Somali warlord politics there
is a widely practiced game that already rendered 15 successive peace agreements
null and void. The game is won by those who prove mastery in deception, destruction,
and in perpetuation of mayhem. We can appropriately call it the Floating Dung
“Keenso caanaha aan Doorshaan kaaga ridee” (bring your
fresh glass of milk, so I can drop a dung beetle in it) is an ominous phrase
coined by one of Somalia’s most conniving and indeed vicious warlords
as his fellow “reformed” warlords were negotiating peace in Kenya.
Needless to say: said phrase became the metaphor that captures the warlord mentality.
In the meantime, the U.S. seems to roll out its own version of the game --
Operation Dung Beetle -- and an attitude that says: let us see in whose fresh
milk the dung beetle will fall!
Abukar Arman is a freelance writer, a council member of
the Interfaith Association of Central Ohio, and a co-founder of the Pan-Somali
Council for Peace and Democracy.