MURPHYSBORO - The current Wal-Mart store in Murphysboro brings in roughly 30 percent
of the city's sales tax revenue, city officials said.
But the new Wal-Mart Super-center reported to be moving into the neighborhood
of Country Club Road and Illinois 13 also could bring considerable costs officials
admit will fall partly on taxpayers' shoulders.
Those costs associated with a Wal-Mart include adding traffic signals and turning
lanes and widening roads.
One geologist who lives off Lake Road, one of the areas that could be impacted
by the Wal-Mart, has used his resources and knowledge to create an impact study
that indicates the new Wal-Mart could end up costing Jackson County residents
upward of $10 million over a period of time.
"This is not alarmist stuff; this will happen," said Steve Gough,
who deals with planning and development on a daily basis.
Gough outlined costs for the Supercenter that showed nearly $600,000 to extend
Murphysboro's sewer line to the property.
With Wal-Mart comes more business and with the increase in traffic on Illinois
13 will come additional stoplights, which Gough said would cost at least $200,000
"There's no such thing as a Supercenter sitting in a cow pasture by itself,"
he said. "You're going to have retail sprawl around here."
The Wal-Mart Supercenter in Carbondale did not add a heavy burden to the city,
city manager Jeff Doherty said.
The store moved into its current location off Illinois 13 and Giant City Road
in 1992 and was originally placed in the enterprise zone. It expanded two more
times and two-thirds of the business is part of the zone, which allowed for
tax abatements and incentives.
Doherty said when the store came in most of the infrastructure - roadways and
traffic signals - was already there.
Greg Smothers, Illinois Department of Transportation District 9 engineer, said
a drainage ditch had to be added to the front of the store parking lot to help
capture runoff, which he said Wal-Mart paid for.
"We improved that intersection around that time independent of Wal-Mart,"
Since that time, he estimated the intersection has had serious improvements
three times because of increased traffic flow and growth of business, including
Smothers has dealt with many roadway changes because of development and said
often a major developer will pay for a traffic signal change. Wal-Mart often
pitches in on improvements, he said.
Building an intersection is no small chunk of change, he said. A turning lane
costs at least $70,000, and traffic signals at least $130,000.
If the intersection at the corner of Giant City Road and Illinois 13 were to
be rebuilt today, Smothers said it would cost $500,000 to $750,000.
Gough said there are other costs associated with a Wal-Mart that cannot be
felt by a checkbook. He likes to bike through his neighborhood, but with the
roadways expanded and more traffic congestion as people try to drive the back
roads to the store, he said he doubts he'll get to do that anymore.
Murphysboro Mayor Ron Williams repeatedly has said the city doesn't have any
incentives to offer Wal-Mart. If Wal-Mart won't pay for the extended sewer lines,
traffic signals and other initial improvements, he doesn't know that the city
will annex the property. However, he said, the city still has not been approached
"I don't know all the answers because we don't know all the questions
yet," he said. "I don't see where there's going to be a cost that
is great to the city - otherwise I'd be running in the other direction. I don't
know that there's anything that could stop them from moving in there."