In the midst of administering chest compressions to a dying woman several
days after Hurricane Katrina struck, Dr. Mark N. Perlmutter was ordered to stop
by a federal official because he wasn't registered with the Federal Emergency
"I begged him to let me continue," said Perlmutter,
who left his home and practice as an orthopedic surgeon in Pennsylvania to come
to Louisiana and volunteer to care for hurricane victims. "People were
dying, and I was the only doctor on the tarmac (at the Louis Armstrong New Orleans
International Airport) where scores of nonresponsive patients lay on stretchers.
Two patients died in front of me.
"I showed him (the U.S. Coast Guard official in charge) my medical
credentials. I had tried to get through to FEMA for 12 hours the day before
and finally gave up. I asked him to let me stay until I was replaced by another
doctor, but he refused. He said he was afraid of being sued. I informed him
about the Good Samaritan laws and asked him if he was willing to let people
die so the government wouldn't be sued, but he would not back down. I had to
FEMA issued a formal response to Perlmutter's story, acknowledging that the
agency does not use voluntary physicians.
"We have a cadre of physicians of our own," FEMA spokesman Kim Pease
said Thursday. "They are the National Disaster Medical Team. ... The voluntary
doctor was not a credentialed FEMA physician and, thus, was subject to law enforcement
rules in a disaster area."
A Coast Guard spokesman said he was looking into the incident but was not able
to confirm it.
Perlmutter, Dr. Clark Gerhart and medical student Alison Torrens flew into
Baton Rouge on a private jet loaned by a Pennsylvania businessman several days
after Katrina hit. They brought medicine and supplies with them. They stayed
the first night in Baton Rouge and persuaded an Army Blackhawk helicopter pilot
to fly them into New Orleans the next day.
"I was going to make it happen," the orthopedic surgeon said. "I
was at Ground Zero too, and I had to lie to get in there."
At the triage area in the New Orleans airport, Perlmutter was successful in
getting FEMA to accept the insulin and morphine he had brought. "The pharmacist
told us they were completely out of insulin and our donation would save numerous
lives. Still, I felt we were the most-valuable resource, and we were sent away."
Gerhart said the scene they confronted at the airport was one of "hundreds
of people lying on the ground, many soaked in their own urine and feces, some
coding (dying) before our eyes." FEMA workers initially seemed glad for
help and asked Gerhart to work inside the terminal and Perlmutter to work out
on the tarmac. They were told only a single obstetrician had been on call at
the site for the past 24 hours.
Then, the Coast Guard official informed the group that he could not credential
them or guarantee tort coverage and that they should return to Baton Rouge.
"That shocked me, that those would be his concerns in a time of emergency,"
Transported back to Baton Rouge, Perlmutter's frustrated group went to state
health officials who finally got them certified -- a simple process that took
only a few seconds.
"I found numerous other doctors in Baton Rouge waiting to be assigned
and others who were sent away, and there was no shortage of need," he said.
Perlmutter spent some time at the Department of Health and Hospital's operational
center at Jimmy Swaggart Ministries before moving to the makeshift "Kmart
Hospital" doctors established at an abandoned store to care for patients.
After organizing an orthopedics room and setting up ventilators there, Perlmutter
went back to the Swaggart Center and then to the LSU Pete Maravich Assembly
Center's field hospital to care for patients being flown in from the New Orleans
"We saw elderly patients who had been off their medicine for days, diabetics
without insulin going into shock, uncontrolled hypertension, patients with psychosis
and other mental disorders, lots of diarrhea, dehydration and things you would
expect. I slept on a patient cot there every night until I came home."
Gerhart said he felt the experience overall was successful and rewarding, although
frustrating at times. "You don't expect catastrophes to be well organized.
A lot of people, both private citizens and government officials, were working
Perlmutter did not return home empty-handed. He brought a family of four evacuees
back with him and is still working with Baton Rouge volunteer Hollis Barry to
facilitate the relocation of additional hurricane victims to Pennsylvania.
He also returned with a sense of outrage. "I have been trying to call
Sen. Arlen Specter (of Pennsylvania) to let him know of our experience.
"I have been going to Ecuador and Mexico (on medical missions) for 14
years. I was at ground zero. I've seen hundreds of people die. This was different
because we knew the hurricane was coming. FEMA showed up late and then rejected
help for the sake of organization. They put form before function, and people
Both FEMA and the Coast Guard operate under the U.S. Department of Homeland
Security, which has been widely criticized for its disjointed, slow response
to the devastation caused by Katrina. Federal officials are urging medical personnel
who want to volunteer to help with disaster relief to contact the Medical Reserve
Corps or the American Red Cross for registration, training and organization.