The British Labour government is advancing new repressive measures in the aftermath
of the July 7 London bombings.
In a speech to the National Police Forum on July 16, Prime Minister Tony Blair
called for a “battle of ideas and hearts and minds” to defeat what
he called the fanatical beliefs and distortion of Islam that lay behind the
London suicide bombings.
“In the end, it is by the power of argument, debate, true religious faith
and true legitimate politics that we will defeat this threat,” he concluded.
This was all that was in evidence of a political or ideological struggle, however.
As always, Blair’s flowery rhetoric is only window dressing for further
attacks on civil rights in the name of pursuing the “war on terror.”
Sweeping new laws are to be introduced that would ban “indirect incitement
of terrorism” and make it illegal to provide or undergo “terrorist
Home Secretary Charles Clarke wrote to opposition spokesmen on July 15 outlining
a proposed bill to be presented to the House of Commons when Parliament resumes
in the autumn after its summer recess. It is expected to receive parliamentary
ratification by next summer.
To avoid allegations of a knee-jerk reaction to the bombings, he stressed that
the new counterterrorism legislation was already indicated in Labour’s
The most dangerous aspect of the new legislation from the standpoint of civil
liberties is a new law that would make “indirect incitement to commit
terrorist acts” a criminal offence. Direct incitement is already a crime.
The problem here is how “incitement” is defined.
In one of the few critical reports in the media, Sunday Herald correspondent
Pennie Taylor asks, “What, precisely, is ‘indirect incitement to
terrorism’? Might it, for instance, be using the words: “As long
as young people feel they have got no hope but to blow themselves up, you are
never going to make progress’?”
Taylor points out that the quoted passage is from Blair’s wife, Cherie,
three years ago, speaking in reference to a Palestinian medical charity. “At
the time there was mild outcry, but if she said the same thing now she could
be facing imprisonment,” Taylor writes.
The legislation will make it an offence to “endorse” suicide bombers,
either publicly or privately. But what exactly constitutes “endorsement”
is left extremely vague. When asked what might be construed as indirect incitement,
Home Office Minister Hazel Blears said, “In some cases, the tone might
tell you whether there is an intention to glorify [terrorist acts]”.
Other aspects of the new legislation will make it an offence to receive “terrorist
training” and allow people regarded as “undesirable” to be
denied entry to Britain. The latter point has provoked concern over how it will
be applied, particularly in light of the news that Zaki Badawi, chairman of
the British Council of Mosques, who holds an honorary knighthood, was turned
away from America last week with no explanation.
Other proposals already in place include control orders to allow police and
security agencies to track suspects, including bans on who they can contact
or meet, as well as electronic tagging and curfew orders that amount to being
placed under house arrest. Identity cards, which have provoked widespread opposition
both on grounds of costs and civil liberties, will be brought forward in the
new parliament to take advantage of the political climate in the aftermath of
the London bombings.
UK ministers have also been seeking to push through new laws on data retention
that were rejected by the European Council.
Foreign Secretary Jack Straw and Home Secretary Clarke used trips to Brussels
to try to persuade members of the European Parliament to push through laws on
data retention. The draft legislation, put forward in the aftermath of the Madrid
train bombings last year by individual member states rather than the European
Commission, would require communications service providers to keep user and
traffic data for a minimum of a year and possibly longer.
The proposal was widely considered to be unworkable, expensive to implement,
invasive and unnecessary. Its legality was also questioned, given that it conflicts
with the Data Protection Act which states that companies and organisations must
not keep unnecessary personal information.
According to a report in the Guardian, Clarke said, “The question of
civil liberties has to be treated in a proportionate way. It is a different
civil liberty question whether you have CCTV or not, or whether you retain telecommunications
data, or whether you have biometrics on an ID card, to whether somebody is tortured
in a country to which they are sent.”
On July 12, Straw spoke to the European foreign affairs committee. He called
for “a rebalancing of (where) the line between the rights of individuals
and the rights of societies should lie.”
He called on the European Union to rapidly implement its counter-terrorism
action plan, ensure more effective police cooperation between member states
and accelerate moves to give the authorities access to telephone and Internet
data. “I believe that, provided there are proper safeguards, no one’s
civil liberties are threatened by retention and access to data, but the protection
of everybody is more greatly enhanced,” he said.”
The meeting was also addressed by Chancellor Gordon Brown, who is pushing for
powers to seize financial assets. “All 25 finance ministers affirmed as
one today that just as there can be no safe haven for terrorists, so we will
try to ensure that there is no safe haven for those who finance terrorism,”
Britain is leading the way in attacking civil liberties, but other European
states are not far behind. French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy has vowed
to deport “radical” Muslim clerics. Speaking after a meeting last
week with his Spanish counterpart in Madrid, Sarkozy said he would seek the
expulsion of imams in France “whose sermons are radical.”
France has used a so-called safety clause in the Schengen open-border agreement
between EU countries in order to close its borders. “If we don’t
reinforce border controls when around 50 people die in London, I don’t
know when I would,” Sarkozy said.
Italy is planning to bring forward new measures, including extending the time
a suspect may be held without charge from 12 to 24 hours, easier deportation,
awarding residence permits to illegal immigrants who help police and easier
access to Internet and mobile phone operators’ data banks. The government
is also seeking the right to question suspects without their lawyers being present.
Austria has said that from next January anyone coming under “sustained
suspicion” of terrorist links may be immediately deported. The measure
reportedly will apply to Muslim clergymen whose sermons represent a “danger
to public security.”
In Germany, Justice Minister Brigitte Zypries has called for cameras to be
installed in underground railway stations and the creation of “anti-terrorism
files” that would collect data about people suspected of carrying out